English IV Fundamentals continues to build on the sequential development and integration of communication skills in four major areas: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. It most specifically focuses on deepening and furthering students’ understanding in the following ways:

  • reinforces reading comprehension skills by teaching students comprehension techniques for literary fiction, poetry, and drama, including discussion of common literary devices; shows students how to analyze, evaluate, and interpret a text; reinforces awareness of the elements and structure of narrative and expository prose; guides students through English literary history, including readings of Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Milton’s Paradise LostBeowulf, and other selections of and excerpts from major English literary figures.
  • Writingdevelops students’ writing skills by teaching about clauses and phrases in sentence structures; reviews common sentence and paragraph construction errors and methods for avoiding them; teaches Greek and Latin roots and prefixes to enhance vocabulary and spelling skills; expands students’ abilities to write cohesive and coherent expository prose; gives students the opportunity to develop their abilities in writing literary critiques, poetry, short stories, and expository prose.
  • Listeningteaches effective listening comprehension skills, weaving these throughout the lessons; builds upon students’ study skills as well as helps them to become reliable and efficient note takers.
  • Special Topicsincorporates research skills, including Internet, library, and reference material use, throughout the curriculum.



  • Context, Denotation, Connotation, and Symbolism
  • Phrase Recognition Drills
  • Reading Drama
  • Reading Poetry: Recognizing Scansion
  • Reading Skills: Analysis, Evaluation, and Interpretation
  • Strategies for Comprehension: Making Inferences, Identifying Main Ideas, and Reading for Details


  • Diction Errors: Trite Expressions and Stilted/Vague Language
  • Essays: Planning, Outlining, Writing, and Revising
  • Sentence Construction Errors—Fragments, Dangling Construction, Parallelism, Reference, Agreement, and Logical Errors
  • Paragraph Construction: Coherence, Transition, and Unity
  • Paragraph Construction Errors: Coherence, Transition, Shift in Person, Shift in Tense, and Shift in Number
  • Subordination
  • Writing a Brief Biography
  • Writing about British History
  • Writing a Character Study
  • Writing a Character Sketch
  • Writing a Compare/Contrast Essay
  • Writing about Literary Forms
  • Writing a Literary Critique
  • Writing Poetry
  • Writing about Poetry: Analysis, Interpretation, and Evaluation
  • Writing a Short Story


  • Approaches to Grammar: Generative, Structural, Transformational, and Traditional
  • Levels of Language Use: Slang and Colloquialisms
  • Linguistic Theory
  • Mechanics: Abbreviations, Capitalization, Hyphens, Italics, and Numbers
  • Parts of Speech: Adjectives, Adverbs, Infinitives, Nouns, Pronouns, and Verbs
  • Semantics
  • Sentence Structure: Clauses, Conjunctions, Interjections, and Phrases
  • Word Choice


  • Drama
    • Elements: Structure, Theme, Setting, Style, Character, and Literary Device
    • Genre/Type: Medieval Drama and Elizabethan Drama
  • Fiction
    • Elements: Structure, Theme, Mood, Point of View, Character, Dialogue, Setting, Style, Satire, and Literary Device
    • Literary Device: Alliteration, Allusion, Imagery, Metaphor, and Personification
  • History of English Literature: from 1000-1800
  • Poetry
    • Elements: Structure, Meter, Rhyme, Symbolism, and Subject Matter
    • Literary Device: Alliteration, Apostrophe, Assonance, Caesura, Consonance, Hyperbole, Kenning, Metonymy, Metaphor, Onomatopoeia, Paradox, Personification, Simile, Sprung Rhythm, and Synecdoche
    • Genre/Type: Sonnet, Dream Vision, Ballad, Elegy, Brenton Lay, Epic, Free Verse, Blank Verse, Dramatic Monologue, Mock-Heroic, and Satire


  • Listening Skills
  • Origin/Development of Language: Old and Middle English
  • Research Skills: Internet, Library, and Reference Materials
  • Study Skills: Note Taking


Following are literary works students will encounter in English IV.

  • Drama
    • Shakespeare, William.
      • Hamlet
  • Fiction
    • Swift, Jonathan.
      • Gulliver’s Travels (excerpts)
  • Poetry
    • Beowulf (excerpts)
    • Browning, Elizabeth Barrett.
      • “Sonnet 43”
      • “A Child Asleep”
    • Browning, Robert.
      • “Home Thoughts, from Abroad”
      • “My Last Duchess”
    • Byron, Lord (George Gordon).
      • “Chide Harold’s Pilgrimage” (excerpt)
    • Campion, Thomas.
      • “The Third and Fourth Book of Ayres” (excerpt)
    • Chaucer, Geoffrey.
      • Canterbury Tales (excerpts)
    • Chesterson, G.K.
      • “The Donkey”
    • Coleridge, Samuel.
      • “Kubla Khan”
    • Dekker, Thomas.
      • “Golden Slumbers Kiss Your Eyes” from The Pleasant Comedy of Patient Grisill
    • Donne, John.
      • “Death, Be Not Proud”
    • Goldsmith, Oliver.
      • “The Deserted Village”
    • Jonson, Ben.
      • “The Triumph of Charis”
    • Keats, John.
      • “Ode on a Grecian Urn”
      • “On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer”
      • “When I Have Fears”
    • Milton, John.
      • “Lycidas” (excerpt)
      • Paradise Lost (excerpts)
      • “Sonnet XIX”
    • Pope, Alexander.
      • “The Dunciad” (excerpt)
    • Shakespeare, William.
      • “Song” from Cymbaline
      • “Song” from Much Ado about Nothing
      • “Angel’s Song” from The Tempest
      • “Sonnet XVII”
      • “Sonnet XXIX”
      • “Sonnet CXVI”
    • Shelley, Percy.
      • “Ode to the West Wind”
    • Spenser, Edmund.
      • “Sonnet XV”
      • “Sonnet XXXIV”
    • Sydney, Sir Phillip.
      • “Sonnet XXXI”
      • “Sonnet XLI”
    • Tennyson, Alfred.
      • “Break, Break, Break”
      • “Crossing the Bar”
    • Wordsworth, William
      • “Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey”
      • “London, 1802”
      • “She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways”
November 6 @ 23:35
23:35 — 00:35 (1h)


Anna Gilbert, Brooke Armstrong